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Prostate Screening

    • Prostate cancer is now the most common cancer in men
    • Men over the age of 40 should have a regular prostate screen
    • Earlier diagnosis means more chance of successful treatment
    • Call our patient booking team to discuss the options
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Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men and the chances of developing prostate cancer increase as you get older. Ease your mind with a prostate screening test at Kingsbridge Private Hospital.

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At Kingsbridge Private Hospital we provide Prostate Screening for men who are worried about prostate disease, providing fast access to diagnostics tests and results.

Prostate Screening at Kingsbridge Private Hospital includes:

  • PSA Test: A PSA test is a blood test that measures the level of PSA - Prostate Specific Antigen - in a man's blood. PSA is a protein made by the prostate which naturally leaks into the blood stream. After testing, if a man's levels of PSA are said to be 'raised', it could be a sign that he has prostate cancer. However, a raised PSA level can also indicate that another, non-cancerous, prostate condition exists. Following a raised PSA test result, the only way to definitely determine whether prostate cancer exists is through a biopsy of the prostate.
  • Urine Flow Test: A urine flow test evaluates the speed of urination and the total time of urination. During a urine flow test, a patient urinates into a uroflowmeter, a funnel-shaped device that reads, measures and computes the rate and amount of urine flow.
  • Consultant Discussion: Consultant Urologists at Kingsbridge Private Hospital will discuss your results with you and make recommendations if further tests or investigations are required.

What is the prostate?

In men, the prostate is a small gland about the size of a walnut called the prostate gland. The prostate is located just below the bladder. It surrounds the first part of the tube (urethra), which carries urine from the bladder to the penis. The same tube also carries sex fluid (semen). The prostate gland is divided into 2 lobes, to the left and the right of a central groove.


What does the prostate do?

The prostate gland produces a thick clear fluid that is an important part of the semen. The growth and function of the prostate depends on the male sex hormone testosterone, which is produced in the testes.


What are the symptoms of non-cancerous and cancerous prostate conditions?

As men get older their prostate gland often enlarges. This is usually not due to cancer. It is a condition called benign prostatic hyperplasia.

The symptoms of growths in the prostate are similar whether they are non-cancerous (benign) or cancerous (malignant).

The symptoms may include:

  • Having to rush to the toilet to pass urine
  • Passing urine more often than usual, especially at night
  • Difficulty when passing urine, including straining to pass it or stopping and starting
  • A sense of not being able to completely empty the bladder
  • Pain when passing urine
  • Blood in the urine or semen 

Pain and bleeding are very rare symptoms of prostate cancer. These symptoms are more often a sign of a non-cancerous prostate condition.

Very early prostate cancer generally does not cause any symptoms at all. For this reason it is recommended that men over the age of 40 have a regular prostate screen. Many prostate cancers start in the outer part of the prostate gland, away from the urethra. If a tumour is not large enough to put much pressure on the tube that carries urine out of the body (the urethra), you may not notice any effects from it.

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) is a non-cancerous growth of the prostate which causes it to enlarge and this can be treated effectivly with a new day-procedure called Urolift, available at our Belfast Hospital.


What causes prostate symptoms?

With both prostate cancers and non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate, the larger prostate gland presses on the urethra. The pressure blocks the flow of urine and causes symptoms. Screening for prostate cancer can help with the early diagnosis of prostate problems. 

A prostate screen is recommended if you have any symptoms. Most enlargements of the prostate are benign. That means they are not cancer and can be easily treated. A simple check with a member of our team is often all that is needed to help diagnose problems with the prostate.


What are other symptoms of prostate cancer?

Cancer of the prostate gland often grows slowly, especially in older men. Symptoms may be mild and occur over many years. Sometimes the first symptoms are from prostate cancer which has spread to your bones but this is not common.

Prostate cancer cells in the bone may cause pain in your:

  • Back
  • Hips
  • Pelvis
  • Other bony areas 

Cancer that has spread to other areas of the body is called metastatic or secondary prostate cancer.

Other symptoms that may occur are weight loss, particularly in elderly men, and difficulty getting an erection (where you haven't had difficulty before).

Prostate cancer screening is recommended if you have any of the above symptoms.


Why should I get a prostate screen?

The earlier a cancer is picked up, the easier it is to treat it and the more likely the treatment is to be successful. It is important that you get a prostate screen as soon as possible if you notice worrying symptoms.

Screening for prostate cancer is an important part of cancer care. The aim of screening is to diagnose disease:

  • At an early stage
  • Before symptoms start
  • When it is easier to treat
  • When it is more likely to be curable 

Unlike many other cancers, prostate cancers can be there for years before they are found. This type of cancer can often grow very slowly indeed and may not cause any symptoms or problems at all during a man's lifetime. By the age of 80, many men will have some cancer cells in their prostate, but only 1 in 25 of them will actually die from prostate cancer. On the other hand, some types of prostate cancer are faster growing and can spread to other parts of the body.

For screening to be most helpful, it would only pick up prostate cancer that is faster growing and likely to be a threat to a man's health. Picking up very slow growing cancers with screening would mean that many men would have treatment that they didn't really need. The treatments can cause unpleasant side effects, which affect men for the rest of their lives.


How common is prostate cancer?

Prostate cancer is now the most common cancer in men (not counting non melanoma skin cancer). More than 41,700 men are diagnosed each year. That is almost a quarter of all cancers diagnosed in men.


What age group is most at risk?

Prostate cancer is quite rare in men under 50. More than half of all cases are diagnosed in men over 70. Age is the most significant risk factor of all for prostate cancer. The older you are, the greater the risk. In old age, up to 8 out of 10 men have prostate cancer cells in the prostate.

About 1 in 9 men will get prostate cancer at some point in their lives. Remember, this is lifetime risk and involves men who get prostate cancer at any age, up to 85 or more. The risk of developing prostate cancer in younger men is much lower than 1 in 9.


Can prostate cancer be linked to family history?

A family history means that you have someone in your family who has had cancer. If you have a father or brother diagnosed with prostate cancer you are 2 to 3 times more likely to get prostate cancer yourself, compared to the average man. The age that your relative is diagnosed with prostate cancer may also be a factor. If they were diagnosed before the age of 60, this increases your risk by slightly more than if they were diagnosed after the age of 60. If you have more than one first degree relative diagnosed with prostate cancer (at any age) your risk is about 4 times that of the general population.

If your relative was young when they were diagnosed, or if you have several relatives with prostate cancer, these could be signs that there is a faulty gene running in the family. The younger the age at diagnosis, the more likely it is that an inherited faulty gene is the cause. Remember that for there to be a faulty gene at work, the affected relatives have to come from the same side of your family (your mother's side or your father's side).

Men who have relatives with breast cancer may also have a higher risk of prostate cancer, particularly if the family members were diagnosed under the age of 60. This increased risk is mostly caused by an inherited faulty gene called BRCA2. Men who have a fault (mutation) in the BRCA2 gene can have a risk of prostate cancer that is 5 times higher than men in the general population. The risk can be 7 times higher in men under the age of 65.

Faults in a gene called BRCA1 may increase the risk of developing prostate cancer in men under the age of 65 by a small amount. But in men older than 65 who have a faulty BRCA1 gene there doesn’t appear to be an increased risk.

Statistics available are always a generalisation. For most men there will be specific factors which will increase their risk of Prostate Cancer.


Does ethnicity increase my risk of Prostate Cancer?

Prostate cancer is more common in black Caribbean and black African men than in white or Asian men. Black African and black Caribbean men are 2 or 3 times more likely to develop prostate cancer than white men. Asian men have a lower risk than white men.

Prostate Screening can offer diagnosis and reassurance if you have been suffering from prostate related symptoms.

If you require further information on the available options, please do not hesitate to contact us via our online enquiry form.

Alternatively, email Kingsbridge Private Hospital Sligo

Or call us on 071 916 2649 

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Treatment Locations

Kingsbridge Private Hospital Sligo

Ray MacSharry Road, Gardenhill, Sligo, Co. Sligo, F91XO54

Healthcare Professionals & Consultants

Mr Philip McLaughlin

General Surgeon & Urology Consultant

Mr Ian Walsh

Consultant Urologist

Patient Journey

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Patient Testimonials

"I had surgery here at the weekend and I can't recommend this place highly enough. They took great care of me and kept me at ease throughout my stay. The staff were brilliant, really friendly and chatted away and the food was top class. This hospital was better than any hotel I wonder could I book a weekend away in it when I fully recover?" Mr McGinnity, Kingsbridge Patient
"EXCELLENT - Had surgery today under the very caring Dr Stewart and her team. I cannot thank her enough for all she’s done for me over the past few months. Everything was explained to me in detail and all my care was considerate, professional and compassionate. Everyone I’ve met today has been beyond kind from Will the Anaesthetist, the Nurses and theatre staff, the catering staff - there has been no exception. Thank you all for taking care of me so well today - look forward to getting home tomorrow x" Mrs McAleavey, Kingsbridge Patient
"Hospital spotless and clean.   Staff were so caring couldn’t do enough for me and made sure I was comfortable. Give the place 10 out of 10. Had surgery yesterday and treatment was first class" Ms Demirtas, Kingsbridge Patient
"Their service was excellent and convenient location!" Ms Kneale, Kingsbridge Patient
"Just received surgery at this hospital and I couldn't have been made to feel any more comfortable from the minute I stepped in until the minute I left. All the staff are wonderful and so friendly I will highly recommend this hospital to everyone" Ms McGivern, Kingsbridge Patient
"Had eye surgery here twice for cataracts and lens replacement. Super smooth service from start to finish. Very happy" Ms Jones, Kingsbridge Patient
"As hospitals go this one is pretty amazing! Had surgery with Mr Molloy at the end of October and have another one the end of this month. Mr Molloy is a gentleman who puts you at ease right away and ensured my last procedure went smoothly! From start to finish all the hospital staff go above and beyond to make your stay as comfortable and stress free as possible. The facilities are brilliant with the rooms spacious and modern to recover in. Keep up the good work!" Ms Roulston, Kingsbridge Patient
"My mother had a total hip replacement surgery. We stayed for three days and were discharged today. Honestly, words can't describe the quality of the job and care they do. The doctors Roger Wilson, Sherman, David, the nurses Susan, Sinead, Siobhan, Andrea, the catering staff who provided customised halal food, and the remaining team whose names I cannot remember were the kindest, nicest, politest, the most caring, professional and pleasant people we have ever come across in healthcare environment. These are true gems and real stars. We are indebted to their treatment.
They are 7 star people. We love you!" Mr Yourish, Kingsbridge Patient
"Great friendly staff the nurses go way and beyond.  The hospital is spotless, and the service is second to none." Ms Croke, Kingsbridge Patient
"Currently just back from recovery on the ward. I have just had ACL reconstructive surgery on my left knee. What can I say? This place is brilliant. I arrived at 8.35am, taken to the ward at 8.45am (my admission time was 9am). Tended to by a lovely Nurse. Dr Roger Wilson spoke to me around 9.45am, in Theatre for 10am, recovery for 11.10am and now currently back on ward. These guys are awesome. From the consultant to anaesthetist to nurses to cater assistants. Absolutely brilliant. Thank you so much. I am so grateful to everyone at Kingsbridge for the service." Mr McNicholl, Kingsbridge Patient
"I just had a total hip replacement done by Mr Molloy.  He made me feel totally at ease (a real gentleman). I had 1st class treatment and as for the staff they couldn’t do enough for me. My experience was excellent from the time I arrived until the day I left for home. Thanks a million to all involved." Miss Bennett, Kingsbridge Patient
"Excellent experience with Kingsbridge Hospital, my dad had a day procedure here recently and not only did he receive fantastic care, but so did myself and my mum. The staff were so understanding and without saying anything could see I was looking after my mum also who has dementia, they went above and beyond to make the time spent waiting on my Dad as pleasant and stress free as possible, I will never forget the extra mile they went to, to support us. Many thanks x" Ms Forde, Kingsbridge Patient
"I have just been discharged from Kingsbridge today after surgery and was in for 3 days. From start to finish my experience was excellent. From catering staff up to senior nurses and doctors they were all fantastic and made my stay a positive experience. As a nurse myself I probably have high expectations of care and I certainly experienced the best of care in Kingsbridge who have staff they should be proud off.  Great teamwork." Ms Armstrong, Kingsbridge Patient
"I recently had my gall bladder removed. All of the staff I had to deal with were excellent and professional. It was the best treatment I have ever received." Ms Burrows, Kingsbridge Patient
"I got my tonsils out yesterday, all the staff were so pleasant and nothing was too much for them. I really did receive one to one care. They just had so much time for me. The food was lovely and the staff from the kitchen where first class. Glad I received my surgery here." Miss Wright, Kingsbridge Patient
"The service and staff are first class.  Had my cataract operation done on the 20th of January and I would like to thank all the staff of this fantastic hospital for giving me my life back.  You are all a credit to your profession.  Excellent service and I would highly recommend you.  Once again thank you so much and I am truly grateful to you all." Mr Doolan, Kingsbridge Patient
"Amazing 5-star hospital.  Have had other surgery here before on my back.
Yesterday's was a neck disc replacement operation.  I would highly recommend this hospital like a hotel manner. Thanks again guys." Mr Phillips, Kingsbridge Patient
"I recently got an MRI scan at Kingsbridge and was very impressed with how simple the process was and how little time I had to wait. The staff were friendly, and it was an all-round pleasant experience." Mr Sharkey, Kingsbridge Patient
"Can’t praise Kingsbridge Private Hospital enough!! I had an operation a couple of weeks ago and I was so well looked after. My surgeon Mr Rashid was fantastic, and the nursing staff was also fabulous. I found they communicated very well to each other, so everyone knew when my meds were due, my allergies etc. They were so kind, so lovely, constantly checked to see how I was i.e. my temperature etc. The food was fabulous and the catering staff very helpful having had an operation were very happy to accommodate ... Thank you to all!" Ms Cheong, Kingsbridge Patient
"Staff very friendly and very efficient. Surgeon and surgery top class. Big thanks to the Nurses for all their care and patience" Mr Howard, Kingsbridge Patient
"Excellent service, very clean hospital" > > >, Kingsbridge Private Hospital Sligo Patient
"Great staff, very caring, car park facilities good" > > >, Kingsbridge Private Hospital Sligo Patient
"All staff I came in contact with were caring, friendly professionals" > > >, Kingsbridge Private Hospital Sligo Patient
"I would recommend Kingsbridge Private Hospital to my friends and family" > > >, Kingsbridge Private Hospital Sligo Patient
"The nurses took brilliant care of my daughter and explained the procedures making me feel at ease" > > >, Kingsbridge Private Hospital Sligo Patient
"The Housekeeping staff keep the hospital spotlessly clean" > > >, Kingsbridge Private Hospital Sligo Patient
"The dedicated attention to my child made a difficult and stressful time easier for us" > > >, Kingsbridge Private Hospital Sligo Patient
"You as a hospital should be proud of the ethos that you actually put in to practice – caring, compassionate individualised care, where the patient is treated with dignity – EXCEPTIONAL" > > >, Kingsbridge Private Hospital Sligo Patient
"Great doctors and nurses, they made my stay easier" > > >, Kingsbridge Private Hospital Sligo Patient
"Great follow up – I got a call the next day and could call them for advice" > > >, Kingsbridge Private Hospital Sligo Patient

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